What is DBF files ?
A DBF file is a standard database file used by dBASE, a database management system application. It organises data into multiple records with fields stored in an array data type. DBF files are also compatible with other “xBase” database programs, which became an important feature because of the file format’s popularity.
Tools which can read or open DBF files
Below are list of program which can read and open dbf file.
- Microsoft Access
- Microsoft Excel
- Visual Foxpro
- Apache OpenOffice
- dbf Viewer Plus
- Apache OpenOffice
- GTK DBF Editor
How to read file in linux ?
“dbview” command available in linux, which can read dbf files.
Below code snippet show how to use dbview command.
[lalit : temp]₹ dbview test.dbf Name : John Surname : Miller Initials : JM Birthdate : 19800102 Name : Andy Surname : Larkin Initials : AL Birthdate : 19810203 Name : Bill Surname : Clinth Initials : Birthdate : 19820304 Name : Bobb Surname : McNail Initials : Birthdate : 19830405 [lalit : temp]₹
How to read it using python ?
“dbfread” is the library available in python to read dbf files. This library reads DBF files and returns the data as native Python data types for further processing.
dbfread requires python 3.2 or 2.7. dbfread is a pure python module, so doesn’t depend on any packages outside the standard library.
You can install library by the command below.
pip install dbfread
The below code snippet can read dbf file and retrieve data as python dictionary.
>>> from dbfread import DBF >>> for record in DBF('people.dbf'): ... print(record) <strong>Out Put</strong> OrderedDict([('NAME', 'Alice'), ('BIRTHDATE', datetime.date(1987, 3, 1))]) OrderedDict([('NAME', 'Bob'), ('BIRTHDATE', datetime.date(1980, 11, 12))])
You can also use the with statement:
with DBF('people.dbf') as table: ...
By default the records are streamed directly from the file. If you have enough memory you can load them into a list instead. This allows random access
>>> table = DBF('people.dbf', load=True) >>> print(table.records['NAME']) Bob >>> print(table.records['NAME']) Alice
How to Write content in DBF file using python ?
dbfpy is a python-only module for reading and writing DBF-files. dbfpy can read and write simple DBF-files.
You can install it by using below command
pip install dbfpy
The below example shows how to create dbf files and write records in to it.
import datetime from mx import DateTime from dbfpy import dbf ## create empty DBF, set fields db = dbf.Dbf("test.dbf", new=True) db.addField( ("NAME", "C", 15), ("SURNAME", "C", 25), ("INITIALS", "C", 10), ("BIRTHDATE", "D"), ) ## fill DBF with some records for name, surname, initials, birthdate in ( ("John", "Miller", "JM", (1980, 1, 2)), ("Andy", "Larkin", "AL", datetime.date(1981, 2, 3)), ("Bill", "Clinth", "", DateTime.Date(1982, 3, 4)), ("Bobb", "McNail", "", "19830405"), ): rec = db.newRecord() rec["NAME"] = name rec["SURNAME"] = surname rec["INITIALS"] = initials rec["BIRTHDATE"] = birthdate rec.store() db.close()
Also you can update a dbf file record using dbf module.
The below example shows how to update a record in a .dbf file.
db = dbf.Dbf("test.dbf") rec = db rec["INITIALS"] = "BC" rec.store()